New Car Review
1998 CADILLAC SEVILLE STS
SEE ALSO: Cadillac Buyer's Guide
by Tom Hagin
SPECIFICATIONS Manufacturer's Suggested Retail Price $ 46,995 Price As Tested $ 51,802 Engine Type DOHC 32v 4.6 Liter V8 w/PFI* Engine Size 279 cid/4565 cc Horsepower 300 @ 6000 RPM Torque (lb-ft) 295 @ 4400 RPM Wheelbase/Width/Length 111"/74.2"/204.1" Transmission Four-speed automatic Curb Weight 4015 pounds Fuel Capacity 20 gallons Tires (F/R) 225/60HR16 Brakes (F/R) Disc (ABS)/disc (ABS) Drive Train Front-engine/front-wheel-drive Vehicle Type Five-passenger/four-door Domestic Content N/A Coefficient of Drag (Cd.) 0.31 PERFORMANCE EPA Economy, miles per gallon city/highway/average 17/26/20 0-60 MPH 6.8 seconds 1/4 Mile (E.T.) 16 seconds @ 94.5 mph Top speed 135 mph * Port fuel injection
The 1998 Cadillac Seville is an all-new car, though it looks much as it did when it was introduced 1992, save for a few exterior changes.
Most of its changes are under the skin, as it now sit atop a chassis shared with Oldsmobile's Aurora and the Buick Riviera. Seville also features the latest in safety and performance technology, which combine with many other components to form the acclaimed Northstar system.
OUTSIDE - The '98 Seville's track is almost two inches wider than last year's model, and its wheelbase has just over an inch more length. Its overall length, however, is nearly four inches shorter and the weight distribution has been improved. Cadillac stylists have smoothed its shape to give a lower coefficient of drag, and added new headlights, a built-in trunklid spoiler and a crease that runs the length of the car. The door handles are no longer flush, and the fuel filler door has been relocated to just below the rear roof pillar. All body panel gaps are narrower than the 1997 models. Seven-spoke alloy wheels are standard, and our car had them optionally polished. The standard tire is a P235/60R16 H-rated Goodyear Eagle LS, though optional Z-rated (which means they're good for 155 mph) rubber is available.
INSIDE - Seville STS is loaded with standard features, and many have been given special names. Its automatic windshield wipers are called Rainsense, and Twilight Sentinel is the moniker of the automatic headlights. Help can be summoned via the OnStar cellular telephone system, and STS models can be ordered with optional adaptive front seats, the first automotive application of technology first developed for hospital equipment. Every four minutes, microprocessors adjust air "cells" in the seat cushion and seat back, tailoring the seats' fit throughout the drive. The system can be deactivated if necessary. The rear seat area has been redesigned, and recessed lighting gives a softer, more intimate glow to the overall interior feeling. There are new nooks and cubbies for storage, while a 425-watt stereo system is standard equipment.
ON THE ROAD - The Seville STS is Cadillac's performance model and delivering power to the its front wheels is a muscular 4.6 liter, twin- cam, 32-valve V8 engine. It is the heart of what Cadillac calls the Northstar system which encompasses all the mechanicals (engine, driveline, steering and suspension) and produces 300 horsepower and 295 lb-ft of torque. New, quieter designs for the power steering, intake tract and lots more acoustical insulation do a better job of muffling engine noise, but under hard acceleration, the Seville's twin exhaust pipes announce that a powerful V8 is under the hood. Also new is its Performance Algorithm Shifting that uses data from its StabiliTrak anti-spin system to constantly monitor transmission shifting patterns.
BEHIND THE WHEEL - Seville's chassis is 50 percent stiffer than before, and now uses reinforcing technology similar to that of the new Corvette. Many suspension pieces are now forged aluminum and the rear undercarriage has been changed to a multi-link design. Cadillac calls its suspension Continuously Variable Road Sensing Suspension, or CRVSS. It adjusts the shock absorbers automatically to keep the car flat and level and to maintain a smooth ride. Its MagnaSteer magnetic rack-and-pinion steering system is speed-sensitive and enhanced for 1998. Traction control limits wheelspin on slippery surfaces, while four-wheel disc brakes with a four-channel anti-lock braking system (ABS) are standard. Acting as a major component of StabiliTrak, the car's computer can sense if the car is sliding sideways, and will activate portions of the ABS to allow the driver to regain control.
SAFETY - StabiliTrak, ABS, dashboard and side-cushion airbags, side-impact door beams and traction control are all standard.
OPTIONS - Chrome wheels are $795; a sunroof is $1,550; the heated seats package (which also includes an electronic mirror-mounted compass and a garage door opener) is $632; an in-console six-disc CD changer adds $500; the wood package on the steering wheel and shift knob is $495. Special emissions equipment is $170, and destination adds $665.