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Submarine Market size is set to grow by USD 8.99 bn from 2023-2027, fleet replacement programs to boost the market growth, Technavio

NEW YORK, May 16, 2024 -- The global submarine market  size is estimated to grow by USD 8990.05 mn from 2023-2027, according to Technavio. The market is estimated to grow at a CAGR of over 5.45%  during the forecast period. 

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Forecast period


Base Year


Historic Data

2017 - 2021

Segment Covered

Type (SSN, SSBN, and SSK), Application (Military and Commercial), and Geography (North America, APAC, Europe, Middle East and Africa, and South America)

Region Covered

North America, APAC, Europe, Middle East and Africa, and South America

Key companies profiled

Anschutz, ASC Pty Ltd., BAE Systems Plc, Daewoo Shipbuilding and Marine Engineering Co. Ltd., Fincantieri Spa, General Dynamics Corp., Hyundai Heavy Industries Co. Ltd., Kawasaki Heavy Industries Ltd., Lockheed Martin Corp., Mazagon Dock Shipbuilders Ltd., Mitsubishi Heavy Industries Ltd., NauticExpo, Naval Group, Navantia SA, Saab AB, Submarine Manufacturing and Products Ltd., The Boeing Co., thyssenkrupp AG, Triton Submarines LLC, and United Shipbuilding Corp.

Key Market Trends Fueling Growth

The submarine market is witnessing significant technological advancements, driven by the naval military segment and the defense industry. Nuclear Powered Submarines (NPS), such as the Virginia-class (SSN-774 class), offer enhanced capabilities for improved littoral warfare, surveillance, and open ocean operations. These submarines feature superior imaging capabilities, high data rate communication, and the flexibility for future mission-configurable masts. Additionally, the market includes Diesel Electric Submarines (DES) and Ballistic Missile Submarines (SSBN), all contributing to combat, military, and covert operations. The defense forces are also exploring the use of raw materials like high-strength alloy steel and titanium in submarine production. Geopolitical conflicts and maritime disputes necessitate the strengthening of submarine capabilities, including Midget submarines (SSM), and the development of offshore resources. Underwater detection, surveillance activities, and missile attacks are key areas of focus, ensuring strategic stabilities and naval intelligence. 

Market Challenges

  • Submarines are intricate platforms in the defense sector, requiring advanced technology and design for manufacturing. Emerging countries engaging in submarine production projects often rely on developed nations for technological collaboration. However, these partnerships come with limitations, as exporting countries typically provide second-best designs and technologies. Dependent nations must seek ongoing technical support and services from the selling nation throughout the submarine's service life. Key aspects of submarine manufacturing include the use of high-strength alloy steel, titanium, and nuclear propulsion. Other essential features are underwater detection, missile attacks, and complex parts like missile fins and guidance systems. Cost-effectiveness, crewless submarines, and deep-sea cables are also significant factors in the submarine market. Geopolitical conflicts, enemy territories, and strategic stabilities influence naval intelligence and surveillance activities. Nuclear-powered and conventional submarines, refuelings, voyage times, and military budgets are crucial elements of submarine acquisition programs.

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Segment Overview 

This submarine market report extensively covers market segmentation by

  1. Type 
    • 1.1 SSN
    • 1.2 SSBN
    • 1.3 SSK
  2. Application 
    • 2.1 Military
    • 2.2 Commercial
  3. Geography 
    • 3.1 North America
    • 3.2 APAC
    • 3.3 Europe
    • 3.4 Middle East and Africa
    • 3.5 South America

1.1 SSN-  The submarine market can be segmented based on power sources into Nuclear Powered Submarines (NPS) and Diesel Electric Submarines (SSK). NPS, such as Attack Submarines, harness the power of nuclear technology for longer voyage times and high-speed capabilities, minimizing the need for refuelings. In contrast, SSKs require frequent refuelings and have shorter voyage times. The naval military segment dominates the submarine market due to the demand for advanced military systems, including SSNs, which offer enhanced capabilities like covert operations, surprise attacks, and deterrent capabilities. Nuclear technology plays a significant role in the submarine market, with seafaring nations investing heavily in nuclear-powered submarine fleets to strengthen their defense capabilities. The defense industry is at the forefront of technological advancements, with innovations like additive manufacturing techniques revolutionizing submarine design and production. The commercial segment also contributes to the submarine market, with applications in cargo transports and offshore resource exploration. The naval forces of various countries are modernizing their submarine capabilities, with maritime disputes and offshore territories driving the need for advanced submarine technologies. Midget submarines (SSM) are another segment of the submarine market, offering smaller, more agile vessels for specific military applications. The nuclear triad, consisting of nuclear-powered ballistic missile submarines, strategic bombers, and land-based intercontinental ballistic missiles, further highlights the importance of nuclear technology in the submarine market. The submarine market is influenced by military budgets, maritime boundaries, naval forces, and geopolitical factors. Covert operations and surprise attacks are essential capabilities for modern submarines, making them indispensable assets for military forces worldwide.

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Research Analysis

The submarine market encompasses the production and supply of raw materials for high-strength alloy steel, a crucial component in submarine construction. This sector caters to the defense forces' demands for advanced submarines, including those equipped with titanium hulls for enhanced durability and underwater capabilities. New submarine acquisitions are a significant focus, driven by the need for technological advancements in areas such as underwater detection, missile attacks, and covert operations. The naval military segment also prioritizes surprise attacks and deterrent capabilities, necessitating the expansion of submarine fleets. Maritime disputes and offshore territories with valuable resources further fuel the demand for naval forces and submarines. The defense sector continues to invest in military systems to secure offshore resources and maintain a Nuclear triad, with seafaring nations continually upgrading their submarine fleets to maintain maritime boundaries and ensure strategic advantages.

Market Research Overview

The submarine market encompasses the design, production, and maintenance of submarines for military and civilian applications. These underwater vessels are essential for exploration, surveillance, and defense purposes. Submarines are engineered to operate in various depths and environments, making them versatile and indispensable. The market is driven by technological advancements, increasing demand for underwater resources, and geopolitical tensions. Submarines are classified based on their propulsion systems, such as conventional and nuclear-powered. The market also includes the production of submarine components, including hulls, engines, and sensors. The industry is characterized by a high level of competition and innovation, with continuous efforts to improve submarine capabilities and reduce costs.

Table of Contents:

1 Executive Summary
2 Market Landscape
3 Market Sizing
4 Historic Market Size
5 Five Forces Analysis
6 Market Segmentation

  • Type
    • SSN
    • SSBN
    • SSK
  • Application
    • Military
    • Commercial
  • Geography
    • North America
    • APAC
    • Europe
    • Middle East And Africa
    • South America

7 Customer Landscape
8 Geographic Landscape
9 Drivers, Challenges, and Trends
10 Company Landscape
11 Company Analysis
12 Appendix

About Technavio

Technavio is a leading global technology research and advisory company. Their research and analysis focuses on emerging market trends and provides actionable insights to help businesses identify market opportunities and develop effective strategies to optimize their market positions.

With over 500 specialized analysts, Technavio's report library consists of more than 17,000 reports and counting, covering 800 technologies, spanning across 50 countries. Their client base consists of enterprises of all sizes, including more than 100 Fortune 500 companies. This growing client base relies on Technavio's comprehensive coverage, extensive research, and actionable market insights to identify opportunities in existing and potential markets and assess their competitive positions within changing market scenarios.


Technavio Research
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SOURCE Technavio