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Ford Posts First Quarter 2014 Pre-Tax Profit of $1.4 Billion, Net Income of $989 Million; Global New Product Launches on Track+


DEARBORN, MI--April 25. 2014:

Ford Motor Company today reported a 2014 first quarter pre-tax profit of $1.4 billion, its 19th consecutive profitable quarter. The company also affirmed its full-year pre-tax profit guidance of $7 billion to $8 billion as it launches 23 new global vehicles, the most in a single year in its history.

The company's pre-tax profit of $1.4 billion was $765 million lower than a year ago. After-tax earnings per share were 25 cents, excluding special items, 16 cents below a year ago. Net income for the quarter was $989 million, or 24 cents per share, a decline of $622 million, or 16 cents, from a year ago. Net income included pre-tax special item charges of $122 million for separation-related actions, primarily to support the European transformation plan.

The company's results were adversely affected by several significant factors that were not representative of its underlying business run rate. In North America, these included warranty reserve increases for field service actions for prior models, including safety recalls and other product campaigns, and weather-related costs. For South America, these included balance sheet currency exchange effects.

In total, these factors reduced first quarter pre-tax profit by about $900 million, or the equivalent of 17 cents per share. They also account for a year-over-year decline in company pre-tax profit of $700 million. While similar factors could occur in the future, it is unusual for items like these to occur in this magnitude in the same quarter.

Among the business units, Asia Pacific reported a record quarterly profit, and North America and Middle East & Africa were profitable. Europe reduced its loss by more than half and South America incurred larger losses compared with a year ago. Ford Credit once again delivered solid results.

First quarter wholesale volume was up 6 percent and revenue improved about 1 percent from a year ago. The company had continued market share gains in Asia Pacific, including record market share in China.

Ford's Automotive operating-related cash flow was $1.2 billion in the first quarter. The company ended the first quarter with Automotive gross cash of $25.2 billion, exceeding debt by $9.5 billion, and a strong liquidity position of $36.6 billion, an increase of $400 million from year-end 2013.

Although not yet included in the company's total liquidity, Ford is in the process of amending and extending its revolving credit facility. The facility is expected to grow to about $12 billion from $10.7 billion after its anticipated completion at the end of this month. This will improve further the company's strong liquidity position as it expands globally. Consistent with its capital and funding strategy, Ford plans to allocate $2 billion of the facility to Ford Credit to support its liquidity.

"We had a solid quarter, and we are on track with our most aggressive product launch schedule in our history," said Alan Mulally, president and CEO. "Our One Ford plan continues to deliver as we serve customers in more markets around the world with a full family of vehicles committed to best-in-class quality, fuel efficiency, safety, smart design and value."

In the first quarter, Ford increased its quarterly dividend by 25 percent and paid about $500 million in dividends.

Financial Results Summary+ First Quarter 2013 2014 B/(W) 2013 Wholesales (000) 1,497 1,589 92 Revenue (Bils.) $ 35.6 $ 35.9 $ 0.3

Operating Results

Pre-tax results (Mils.)++ $ 2,146 $ 1,381 $ (765 ) After-tax results (Mils.)++ 1,642 1,019 (623 ) Earnings per share++ 0.41 0.25 (0.16 )

Special items pre-tax (Mils.)

$ (23 ) $ (122 ) $ (99 )

Net income attributable to Ford

After-tax results (Mils.) $ 1,611 $ 989 $ (622 ) Earnings per share 0.40 0.24 (0.16 )


Operating-related cash flow (Bils.) $ 0.7 $ 1.2 $ 0.5 Gross cash (Bils.) $ 24.2 $ 25.2 $ 1.0 Debt (Bils.) (16.0 ) (15.7 ) 0.3 Net cash (Bils.) $ 8.2 $ 9.5 $ 1.3

See end notes on page 8.


First Quarter
2013 2014 B/(W) 2013
Wholesales (000) 1,497 1,589 92
Revenue (Bils.) $ 33.9 $ 33.9 $ €”
Operating Margin (Pct.) 5.2 % 3.4 % (1.8) pts.
Pre-tax results (Mils.) $ 1,643 $ 919 $ (724 )

Total Automotive first quarter wholesale volume increased by 6 percent from a year ago, while Automotive revenue was unchanged. The higher volume is more than explained by higher industry volumes in all regions except South America, improved market share in Asia Pacific and a favorable change in dealer stocks.

The decrease in operating margin and pre-tax profit for the first quarter is more than explained by lower results in North America and South America.

The company's Automotive sector now has five reportable segments, up from four previously. The new segment of Middle East & Africa was formed to facilitate an increased focus on this important growth region. Total Automotive results are not affected by this change. The 2013 first quarter results of each of the five Automotive segments have been revised to reflect the new reporting structure.

"The underlying run rate of our business in the first quarter was strong," said Bob Shanks, executive vice president and chief financial officer. "We are particularly encouraged by Asia Pacific's record profit, driven by very positive customer response to our new products, underscoring the traction and success of our growth plans in what is now the largest market in the world. In addition, the improvement in Europe confirms the progress we continue to make toward achieving a profit in 2015."

North America

First Quarter
2013 2014 B/(W) 2013
Wholesales (000) 735 717 (18 )
Revenue (Bils.) $ 21.5 $ 20.4 $ (1.1 )
Operating Margin (Pct.) 11.1 % 7.3 % (3.8 ) pts.
Pre-tax results (Mils.) $ 2,392 $ 1,500 $ (892 )

North America results were driven by robust industry sales, a strong product lineup, continued discipline in matching production to demand and a lean cost structure, even as the company continued investment for future growth.

North America reported a pre-tax profit of $1.5 billion in the first quarter, a decline of $892 million from last year's record profit. The results are more than explained by unfavorable market factors and higher costs. The higher costs are more than explained by $500 million related to warranty reserve increases for field service actions and weather-related costs, as previously noted.

Wholesale volume and revenue declined 2 percent and 5 percent, respectively, for the first quarter. The volume decrease is primarily explained by lower market share, partially offset by higher industry sales, including a U.S. SAAR of 16 million units that was 400,000 units higher than a year ago, and favorable changes in dealer stocks. The decline in revenue mainly reflects lower wholesale volume, unfavorable mix, lower net pricing and the adverse effect of a weaker Canadian dollar.

First quarter U.S. market share was 15.3 percent, down 0.6 of a percentage point from a year ago. The decline reflects planned reductions in daily rental sales and lower small car retail share. Total F-Series share was unchanged from a year ago.

For the full year, Ford continues to expect North America pre-tax profit to be lower than 2013 and operating margin to be in the 8 percent to 9 percent range.

South America

First Quarter
2013 2014 B/(W) 2013
Wholesales (000) 113 104 (9 )
Revenue (Bils.) $ 2.3 $ 1.9 $ (0.4 )
Operating Margin (Pct.) (9.4) % (27.0) % (17.6 ) pts.
Pre-tax results (Mils.) $ (218 ) $ (510 ) $ (292 )

South America continues to execute the company's strategy of expanding its product lineup and progressively replacing legacy products with global One Ford offerings.

South America reported a pre-tax loss of $510 million in the first quarter, a $292 million deterioration from the prior year. The decline is explained by unfavorable exchange, including the balance sheet effects described previously; higher costs, mainly associated with economics-related effects caused by high local inflation; and lower volume, mainly due to a weaker industry.

In the first quarter, wholesale volume and revenue decreased by 8 percent and 18 percent, respectively, from a year ago. The lower volume is more than explained by lower industry volume, reflecting a 200,000-unit decline from last year's SAAR of 5.9 million units. The decline includes the impact of import restrictions in Argentina and lower production in Venezuela resulting from limited availability of U.S. dollars. The revenue decline is explained primarily by unfavorable exchange and unfavorable volume and mix, offset partially by higher net pricing.

For the full year, Ford now expects South America to incur a larger loss than in 2013. Based on present assumptions, the company expects the rest of the year to be about breakeven to a small loss.


First Quarter
2013 2014 B/(W) 2013
Wholesales (000) 330 367 37
Revenue (Bils.) $ 6.6 $ 7.8 $ 1.2
Operating Margin (Pct.) (6.5) % (2.5) % 4.0 pts.
Pre-tax results (Mils.) $ (425 ) $ (194 ) $ 231

Ford continued to implement its transformation plan for Europe in the first quarter.

Europe reported a first quarter pre-tax loss of $194 million, a $231 million improvement from a year ago. The improvement reflects lower costs, favorable market factors and favorable exchange. This was partially offset by lower joint venture results and royalties in Russia and Turkey.

In the first quarter, wholesale volume and revenue improved from a year ago, up 11 percent and 18 percent, respectively. The volume increase is more than explained by higher industry volumes, reflecting a SAAR of 14.5 million units for Ford's Europe 20 markets, up over 1 million units, as well as favorable changes in dealer stocks and higher market share for Europe 20. Europe's higher revenue mainly reflects the higher volume and favorable exchange.

Market share for Europe 20 in the first quarter was 8 percent, an increase of 0.3 of a percentage point from a year ago, reflecting improved share for Mondeo and Kuga.

Ford's full-year guidance for Europe remains unchanged, with the region expected to improve pre-tax results compared to 2013. Ford continues to expect the region to be profitable in 2015.

Middle East & Africa

First Quarter
2013 2014 B/(W) 2013
Wholesales (000) 54 51 (3 )
Revenue (Bils.) $ 1.3 $ 1.2 $ (0.1 )
Operating Margin (Pct.) 3.7 % 4.7 % 1.0 pts.
Pre-tax results (Mils.) $ 47 $ 54 $ 7

The new Middle East & Africa segment reflects Ford's increased focus on this important growth region.

Middle East & Africa reported a profit of $54 million for the first quarter, a $7 million improvement from a year ago.

In the first quarter, wholesale volume and revenue declined from a year ago. The lower volume reflects lower dealer stock increases compared with a year ago. The revenue decline is more than explained by the lower volume and unfavorable exchange, primarily due to a weaker South Africa rand.

Ford's full-year guidance for Middle East & Africa remains unchanged, with the region expected to be about breakeven.

Asia Pacific

First Quarter
2013 2014 B/(W) 2013
Wholesales (000) 265 350 85
Revenue (Bils.) $ 2.2 $ 2.6 $ 0.4
Operating Margin (Pct.) (1.3) % 11.1 % 12.4 pts.
Pre-tax results (Mils.) $ (28 ) $ 291 $ 319

Ford's strategy in Asia Pacific is to grow aggressively with an expanding portfolio of global One Ford products with manufacturing hubs in China, India and ASEAN.

Asia Pacific reported a first quarter pre-tax profit of $291 million, an improvement of $319 million compared with a year ago, and a record for any quarter. The improvement is more than explained by favorable volume and mix and higher royalties from joint ventures. Higher costs, including investment for future growth, were a partial offset.

In the first quarter, wholesale volume was up 32 percent from a year ago, and net revenue, which excludes the company's China joint ventures, grew 19 percent. Wholesale volume in China increased by 45 percent from a year ago. The higher volume in the region reflects mainly improved market share, as well as higher industry volume. Ford estimates the first quarter SAAR for the region was 38.9 million units, up 1.9 million units from a year ago, explained by China. Higher revenue is more than explained by favorable mix and higher volume.

First quarter market share in the region was 3.4 percent, 0.7 of a percentage point higher than a year ago. The improvement was driven by China, where Ford's market share improved 0.9 of a percentage point to a record 4.5 percent, reflecting continued strong sales of EcoSport, Kuga and Mondeo.

For the full year, Ford now expects Asia Pacific to earn a higher pre-tax profit than a year ago.

Other Automotive

The first quarter loss of $222 million in Other Automotive reflects net interest expense and an unfavorable fair market value adjustment on the company's investment in Mazda.

For the full year, Ford now expects net interest expense to be about $700 million, a $100 million improvement from prior guidance reflecting higher interest income.


First Quarter Second Quarter
Actual Forecast
Units O/(U) 2013 Units O/(U) 2013
(000) (000) (000) (000)
North America 774 (10) 810 (10)
South America 94 (17) 105 (29)
Europe 382 (4) 405 4
Middle East & Africa 17 2 20 3
Asia Pacific 346 75 360 64
Total 1,613 46 1,700 32

* Includes production of Ford brand and JMC brand vehicles to be sold by unconsolidated affiliates.

In the first quarter, total company production was about 1.6 million units, 46,000 units higher than a year ago. This is 3,000 units higher than Ford's most recent guidance.

The company expects second quarter production to be 1.7 million units, up 32,000 units from a year ago, more than explained by higher volume in Asia Pacific. Compared with the first quarter, second quarter production is up 87,000 units.


First Quarter
2013 2014 B/(W) 2013
Revenue (Bils.) $ 1.7 $ 2.0 $ 0.3
Ford Credit pre-tax results (Mils.) $ 507 $ 499 $ (8 )
Other Financial Services pre-tax results (Mils.) (4 ) (37 ) (33 )
Financial Services pre-tax results (Mils.) $ 503 $ 462 $ (41 )

Ford Motor Credit Company

Ford Credit's first quarter pre-tax profit of $499 million was largely unchanged from a year ago.

Ford Credit reported higher volume, reflecting increases in nearly all products globally, largely offset by unfavorable residual performance in North America.

For the full year, Ford now expects Ford Credit pre-tax profit to be about equal to or higher than 2013. This reflects improved financing margin performance.


2013 2014 Full Year 2014
Full Year Compared with 2013 First Quarter
Results Plan Outlook Results
(Mils.) (Mils.)
Automotive *
North America ** $ 8,809 Lower On Track $ 1,500
- Operating Margin 10.2 %

8 - 9 %

On Track 7.3 %
South America $ (33 ) About Equal Lower $ (510 )
Europe (1,442 ) Better On Track (194 )
Middle East & Africa (69 ) About Breakeven On Track 54
Asia Pacific 327 About Equal Higher 291
Net Interest Expense (801 ) About Equal About $(700) million (163 )
Ford Credit $ 1,756 About Equal About Equal/Higher $ 499
* Excludes special items
** Full year 2013 North America pre-tax results include a $39 million favorable revision related to a change in accounting for U.S. and Canada employee disability benefits
2013 2014 2014
Full Year Full Year First Quarter
Results Plan Outlook Results

Planning Assumptions (Mils.)

Industry Volume * -- U.S. 15.9 16.0 - 17.0 On Track 16.0

-- Europe 20

13.8 13.5 - 14.5 14.0 - 15.0 14.5

-- China

22.2 22.5 - 24.5 On Track 22.9

Key Metrics

Automotive (Compared with 2013):
- Revenue (Bils.) $ 139.4 About Equal On Track $ 33.9
- Operating Margin ** 5.4 % Lower On Track 3.4 %
- Operating-Related Cash Flow (Bils.) *** $ 6.1 Substantially Lower On Track $ 1.2
Ford Credit (Compared with 2013):
- Pre-Tax Profit (Bils.) $ 1.8 About Equal About Equal/Higher $ 0.5
- Pre-Tax Profit (Bils.) *** $ 8.6 $7 - $8 Billion On Track $ 1.4
* Based, in part, on estimated vehicle registrations; includes medium and heavy trucks
** Automotive operating margin is defined as Automotive pre-tax results, excluding special items and Other Automotive, divided by Automotive revenue
*** Excludes special items; see "Income from Continuing Operations" and "Operating-Related Cash Flows Reconciliation to GAAP" tables on pages 11 and 13


Ford remains focused on delivering the key aspects of the One Ford plan, which are unchanged:

  • Aggressively restructuring to operate profitably at the current demand and changing model mix
  • Accelerating the development of new products that customers want and value
  • Financing the plan and improving the balance sheet
  • Working together effectively as one team, leveraging Ford's global assets

"2014 is shaping up to be another solid year for the Ford Motor Company," said Mulally. "Importantly, this year also is a critical next step in implementing our One Ford plan and delivering profitable growth."

+ The financial results discussed herein are presented on a preliminary basis; final data will be included in Ford's Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the period ended Mar. 31, 2014. The following information applies to the information throughout this release:

  • Pre-tax results exclude special items unless otherwise noted.
  • All references to records by Automotive business units are since at least 2000 when Ford began reporting specific business unit results.
  • All references to records for Automotive operating-related cash flow are since 2001.
  • See tables at the end of this release for the nature and amount of special items, and reconciliation of items designated as "excluding special items" to U.S. generally accepted accounting principles ("GAAP"). Also see the tables for reconciliation to GAAP of Automotive gross cash, operating-related cash flow and net interest.
  • Discussion of overall Automotive cost changes is measured primarily at present-year exchange and excludes special items and discontinued operations; in addition, costs that vary directly with production volume, such as material, freight and warranty costs, are measured at present-year volume and mix.
  • Wholesale unit sales and production volumes include the sale or production of Ford-brand and JMC-brand vehicles by unconsolidated affiliates. JMC refers to our Chinese joint venture, Jiangling Motors Corporation. See materials supporting the Apr. 25, 2014 conference calls at for further discussion of wholesale unit volumes.

++ Excludes special items and "Income/(Loss) attributable to non-controlling interests." See tables at the end of this release for the nature and amount of these special items and reconciliation to GAAP.

Risk Factors

Statements included or incorporated by reference herein may constitute "forward-looking statements" within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Forward-looking statements are based on expectations, forecasts, and assumptions by our management and involve a number of risks, uncertainties, and other factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from those stated, including, without limitation:

  • Decline in industry sales volume, particularly in the United States or Europe, due to financial crisis, recession, geopolitical events, or other factors;
  • Decline in Ford's market share or failure to achieve growth;
  • Lower-than-anticipated market acceptance of Ford's new or existing products;
  • Market shift away from sales of larger, more profitable vehicles beyond Ford's current planning assumption, particularly in the United States;
  • An increase in or continued volatility of fuel prices, or reduced availability of fuel;
  • Continued or increased price competition resulting from industry excess capacity, currency fluctuations, or other factors;
  • Fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates, commodity prices, and interest rates;
  • Adverse effects resulting from economic, geopolitical, or other events;
  • Economic distress of suppliers that may require Ford to provide substantial financial support or take other measures to ensure supplies of components or materials and could increase costs, affect liquidity, or cause production constraints or disruptions;
  • Work stoppages at Ford or supplier facilities or other limitations on production (whether as a result of labor disputes, natural or man-made disasters, tight credit markets or other financial distress, production constraints or difficulties, or other factors);
  • Single-source supply of components or materials;
  • Labor or other constraints on Ford's ability to maintain competitive cost structure;
  • Substantial pension and postretirement health care and life insurance liabilities impairing our liquidity or financial condition;
  • Worse-than-assumed economic and demographic experience for postretirement benefit plans (e.g., discount rates or investment returns);
  • Restriction on use of tax attributes from tax law "ownership change;"
  • The discovery of defects in vehicles resulting in delays in new model launches, recall campaigns, or increased warranty costs;
  • Increased safety, emissions, fuel economy, or other regulations resulting in higher costs, cash expenditures, and/or sales restrictions;
  • Unusual or significant litigation, governmental investigations, or adverse publicity arising out of alleged defects in products, perceived environmental impacts, or otherwise;
  • A change in requirements under long-term supply arrangements committing Ford to purchase minimum or fixed quantities of certain parts, or to pay a minimum amount to the seller ("take-or-pay" contracts);
  • Adverse effects on results from a decrease in or cessation or clawback of government incentives related to investments;
  • Inherent limitations of internal controls impacting financial statements and safeguarding of assets;
  • Cybersecurity risks to operational systems, security systems, or infrastructure owned by Ford, Ford Credit, or a third-party vendor or supplier;
  • Failure of financial institutions to fulfill commitments under committed credit and liquidity facilities;
  • Inability of Ford Credit to access debt, securitization, or derivative markets around the world at competitive rates or in sufficient amounts, due to credit rating downgrades, market volatility, market disruption, regulatory requirements, or other factors;
  • Higher-than-expected credit losses, lower-than-anticipated residual values, or higher-than-expected return volumes for leased vehicles;
  • Increased competition from banks or other financial institutions seeking to increase their share of financing Ford vehicles; and
  • New or increased credit, consumer, or data protection or other regulations resulting in higher costs and/or additional financing restrictions.

Ford cannot be certain that any expectation, forecast, or assumption made in preparing forward-looking statements will prove accurate, or that any projection will be realized. It is to be expected that there may be differences between projected and actual results. Ford's forward-looking statements speak only as of the date of their initial issuance, and Ford does not undertake any obligation to update or revise publicly any forward-looking statement, whether as a result of new information, future events, or otherwise. For additional discussion, see "Item 1A. Risk Factors" in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2013.

About Ford Motor Company

Ford Motor Company, a global automotive industry leader based in Dearborn, Mich., manufactures or distributes automobiles across six continents. With about 183,000 employees and 65 plants worldwide, the company's automotive brands include Ford and Lincoln. The company provides financial services through Ford Motor Credit Company. For more information regarding Ford's products, please visit

Net Income Results Excl.
Attributable Special
to Ford Items*

After-Tax Results (Mils.)

After-tax results* $ 989 $ 1,019
Effect of dilutive 2016 Convertible Notes** 12 12
Diluted after-tax results $ 1,001 $ 1,031

Basic and Diluted Shares (Mils.)

Basic shares (Average shares outstanding) 3,946 3,946
Net dilutive options 48 48
Dilutive 2016 Convertible Notes 100 100
Diluted shares 4,094 4,094
EPS (Diluted) $ 0.24 $ 0.25
* Excludes Income/(Loss) attributable to non-controlling interests; special items detailed on page 12
** As applicable, includes interest expense, amortization of discount, amortization of fees, and other changes in income or loss that result from the application of the if-converted method for convertible securities
First Quarter Full Year
2013 2014 2013
(Mils.) (Mils.) (Mils.)


North America $ 2,392 $ 1,500 $ 8,809
South America (218 ) (510 ) (33 )
Europe (425 ) (194 ) (1,442 )
Middle East & Africa 47 54 (69 )
Asia Pacific (28 ) 291 327
Other Automotive (125 ) (222 ) (656 )
Total Automotive (excl. special items) $ 1,643 $ 919 $ 6,936
Special items -- Automotive (23 ) (122 ) (1,568 )
Total Automotive $ 1,620 $ 797 $ 5,368

Financial Services

Ford Credit $ 507 $ 499 $ 1,756
Other Financial Services (4 ) (37 ) (84 )
Total Financial Services $ 503 $ 462 $ 1,672

Total Company

Pre-tax results $ 2,123 $ 1,259 $ 7,040
(Provision for)/Benefit from income taxes (511 ) (270 ) 135
Net income $ 1,612 $ 989 $ 7,175
Less: Income/(Loss) attributable to non-controlling interests 1 €” (7 )
Net income attributable to Ford $ 1,611 $ 989 $ 7,182
Memo: Excluding special items
Pre-tax results $ 2,146 $ 1,381 $ 8,608
(Provision for)/Benefit from income taxes (503 ) (362 ) (2,022 )
Less: Income/(Loss) attributable to non-controlling interests 1 €” (7 )
After-tax results $ 1,642 $ 1,019 $ 6,593
First Quarter
2013 2014
(Mils.) (Mils.)

Personnel and Dealer-Related Items

Separation-related actions* $ (8 ) $ (122 )

Other Items

Ford Romania consolidation loss (15 ) €”
Total Special Items $ (23 ) $ (122 )
Tax Special Items $ (8 ) $ 92
Special Items impact on earnings per share** $ (0.01 ) $ (0.01 )
* Primarily related to separation costs for personnel at the Genk and U.K. facilities
** Includes related tax effect on special items and tax special items
First Quarter
2013 2014
(Mils.) (Mils.)
Interest expense (GAAP) $ (206 ) $ (208 )
Interest income (GAAP) 44 70
Subtotal $ (162 ) $ (138 )
Adjusted for items included / excluded from net interest:
Include: Gains/(Losses) on cash equiv. & mark. securities* 14 13
Include: Gains/(Losses) on extinguishment of debt (18 ) (5 )
Other (23 ) (33 )
Net Interest $ (189 ) $ (163 )
* Excludes mark-to-market adjustments of our investment in Mazda
Mar. 31, Dec. 31, Mar. 31,
2013 2013 2014
(Bils.) (Bils.) (Bils.)
Cash and cash equivalents $ 6.0 $ 5.0 $ 4.5
Marketable securities 18.2 20.1 20.7
Total cash and marketable securities (GAAP) $ 24.2 $ 25.1 $ 25.2
Securities in transit* €” (0.3 ) €”
Gross cash $ 24.2 $ 24.8 $ 25.2
* The purchase or sale of marketable securities for which the cash settlement was not made by period end and a payable or receivable was recorded on the balance sheet


First Quarter Full Year
2013 2014 2013
(Bils.) (Bils.) (Bils.)
Net cash provided by/(used in) operating activities (GAAP) $ 0.7 $ 2.0 $ 7.7
Items included in operating-related cash flows
Capital spending (1.5 ) (1.5 ) (6.6 )
Proceeds from the exercise of stock options €” 0.1 0.3
Net cash flows from non-designated derivatives (0.2 ) €” (0.3 )
Items not included in operating-related cash flows
Cash impact of JSB and personnel-reduction actions 0.1 €” 0.3
Funded pension contributions 1.8 0.5 5.0
Tax refunds and tax payments from affiliates (0.3 ) (0.2 ) (0.3 )
Other 0.1 0.3 €”
Operating-related cash flows $ 0.7 $ 1.2 $ 6.1