CLEAN DIESEL TUTORIAL; PLUS NEW DIESEL VEHICLES FOR SALE IN THE U.S.

Auto Central August 16, 2004: SNIDE'S REMARKS: Sometimes we Americans need to look to the rest of the world to solve our problems...this is one of those instances. The Auto Channel believes that a realisitic near term solution to the oil crisis and high fuel costs is to increase the effective MPG that U.S. car and truck owners get on their vehicles. Today most vehicle owners can significantly cut their expenditures for fuel by driving a Clean Diesel powered Car, SUV or Truck, instead of their gas guzzlers Let me know what you think...e me Milton Snide at msnide@theautochannel.com.

WHAT IS CLEAN DIESEL?

Clean diesel is an evolutionary systems-based process that combines advancements in diesel engines, cleaner burning fuels and emissions control system, all working and optimized together.

What Makes Diesel Clean?


PHOTO (select to view enlarged photo)

State-of-the-art engines, cleaner-burning fuels and effective emissions-control systems are the three pillars of clean diesel technology. Experience this technology up close by interacting with a clean diesel engine in the new DTF animated presentation, What Makes Diesel Clean?


[NOTE: You will need the Macromedia Flash Player installed to view the presentation. Please click here if you need to download the Flash Player.]

View an article from the March 2004 issue of OEM Off-Highway on the history of the diesel engine. (PDF File)

The Engine


PHOTO (select to view enlarged photo)

Diesel is the world's most efficient internal combustion engine. It provides more power and more fuel efficiency than alternatives such as gasoline, compressed natural gas or liquefied natural gas.

Fuel combustion is the primary difference between gasoline and diesel engines. Gasoline engines ignite fuel with spark plugs, whereas diesels ignite fuel with compression. The piston stroke in a diesel engine results in a compression of the fuel air mixture so intense that it combusts spontaneously. The compression ignition process provides more torque, and is more efficient than the use of spark plugs required by gasoline engines, because a gasoline engine would have to use more fuel to produce the same amount of power. Advanced technologies - such as electronic controls, high-pressure fuel injection, variable injection timing, improved combustion chamber configuration and turbocharging - have made diesel engines cleaner, quieter and more powerful than past vehicles.

It is not widely recognized that diesel has some environmental advantages over other types of engines. Of the five major emissions from internal combustion engines - carbon monoxide, hydrocarbons, carbon dioxide, particulate matter and nitrogen oxides - diesel emits only small amounts of the first three.

Excessive smoke means a problem with the engine, such as being out of tune, needing maintenance or not operating efficiently. Excess smoke is bad for operators because it's unburned fuel or "dollars going right out of the smokestack," so most act quickly to correct the problem. New clean diesel engines do not smoke and have been designed to be smoke-free since 1994.

The Fuel


PHOTO (select to view enlarged photo)

Diesel is a petroleum-based fuel with a higher energy content than gasoline. This greater energy content -coupled with the efficiency of compression ignition - explains why diesel vehicles get better gas mileage

Clean diesel refiners are working to virtually eliminate sulfur from diesel fuel. The primary purpose of lower sulfur diesel is to enable or improve the performance of aftertreatment systems, although lower sulfur fuel can reduce particulate emissions without the addition of any exhaust-control device.

By 2006, clean diesel refiners are committed to making ultra-low sulfur fuel (ULSD) available nationwide. The sulfur content in ULSD (15 parts per million) is equivalent to one ounce of sulfur per tanker truck of diesel.

View the current EPA map of ULSD availability.

Find out more about the current availability of ULSD in Texas.

For additional information on ULSD, visit www.ecdiesel.com

View a backgrounder on biodiesel.

The Emissions Control System


PHOTO (select to view enlarged photo)

With the introduction of lower sulfur diesel fuel, a number of exhaust treatment systems can further reduce emissions from diesel engines.

Particulate Traps - These filters collect particulate matter as the exhaust gases pass through and can reduce particulate emissions by 80-90% using a catalytic reaction or an auxiliary heating element.

Catalytic Converters - These devices use a chemical reaction to convert emissions into harmless substances. Some catalysts - such as selective catalytic reduction (SCR) devices and NOx absorbers - focus on nitrogen oxides and can reduce these emissions by 25-50%.

DIESEL VEHICLES FOR SALE IN THE U.S.

The following cars, pickups and SUVs are currently available for sale in the United States with a diesel-powered engine as an option:

VEHICLE ENGINE TRANSMISSION HORSEPOWER TORQUE
Mercedes-Benz E320 CDI 3,222-CC turbocharged 24-valve inline-6 Adaptive Electronic 5-Speed Automatic
201 @ 4,200 RPM
369 lb-ft @ 1800 2600 RPM
Chevrolet Silverado 2500HD Duramax Turbo Diesel 6600 V8 4/5-speed automatic
300
520 lb.-ft @ 1800 RPM
Duramax Turbo Diesel 6600 V8 5/6-speed manual
300
520 lb.-ft @ 1800 RPM
Chevrolet Silverado 3500 Duramax Turbo Diesel 6600 V8 4/5-speed automatic
300
520 lb.-ft @ 1800 RPM
Duramax Turbo Diesel 6600 V8 5/6-speed manual
300
520 lb.-ft @ 1800 RPM
Dodge Ram 2500 Regular /Quad Cab 5.9 Liter I-6 High-Output Cummins Turbo Diesel 6-speed manual
305
505 lb.-ft.
5.9 Liter 24-Valve I-6 Cummins Turbo Diesel 5-speed manual
235
460 lb.-ft.
5.9 Liter 24-Valve I-6 Cummins Turbo Diesel 4-speed automatic
235
460 lb.-ft.
Dodge Ram 3500 Regular /Quad Cab 5.9 Liter I-6 High-Output Cummins Turbo Diesel 6-speed manual
305
505 lb.-ft.
5.9 Liter 24-Valve I-6 Cummins Turbo Diesel 5-speed manual
235
460 lb.-ft.
5.9 Liter 24-Valve I-6 Cummins Turbo Diesel 4-speed automatic
235
460 lb.-ft.
Ford F-250 XL, XLT, Lariat 6 Liter PowerStroke Turbo Diesel V-8 4-speed automatic
325
560 lb.-ft.
6 Liter PowerStroke Turbo Diesel V-8 6-speed manual
325
560 lb.-ft.
Ford F-350 XL, XLT, Lariat 6 Liter PowerStroke Turbo Diesel V-8 4-speed automatic
325
560 lb.-ft.
6 Liter PowerStroke Turbo Diesel V-8 6-speed manual
325
560 lb.-ft.
Ford Excursion 7.3 Liter PowerStroke Turbo Diesel V-8 4-speed automatic
250
505 lb.-ft @ 1600 RPM
Ford E-Series XLT Wagon 7.3 Liter V-8 PowerStroke Diesel 4-speed automatic
215
425 lb.-ft @ 1800 RPM
Hummer H1 6.5 Liter V8 Turbo-charged Diesel 4-speed automatic
205
430 lb.-ft @ 1800 RPM
H1 Alpha (coming in 2005) 6.6-liter Duramax turbo diesel engine
Mercedes-Benz Sprinter passenger van 2.7 Liter 5-cylinder Mercedes-Benz common rail direct injection diesel 5-speed automatic
154
243-lb. ft. @ 1600 2400 RPM
Volkswagen Beetle 1.9 Liter I-4 Turbo-charged Diesel 4-speed automatic
100
177 lb.-ft
1.9 Liter I-4 Turbo-charged Diesel 5-speed manual
100
177 lb.-ft
Volkswagen Golf 1.9 Liter I-4 Turbo-charged Diesel 4-speed automatic
100
177 lb.-ft
1.9 Liter I-4 Turbo-charged Diesel 5-speed manual
100
177 lb.-ft
Volkswagen Jetta 1.9 Liter I-4 Turbo-charged Diesel 4-speed automatic
100
177 lb.-ft
1.9 Liter I-4 Turbo-charged Diesel 5-speed automatic
100
177 lb.-ft
1.9 Liter I-4 Turbo-charged Diesel 5-speed manual
100
177 lb.-ft
Volkswagen Jetta Wagon 1.9 Liter I-4 Turbo-charged Diesel 4-speed automatic
100
177 lb.-ft
1.9 Liter I-4 Turbo-charged Diesel 5-speed automatic
100
177 lb.-ft
1.9 Liter I-4 Turbo-charged Diesel 5-speed manual
100
177 lb.-ft
Volkswagen Touareg V10 TDI 6-speed automatic
310
553 lb.-ft. @ 2000 RPM
Volkswagen Passat TDi Sedan 2.0 Liter I-4 Turbo-charged Diesel 5-speed automatic
134
247 lb.-ft. @ 1900 RPM
Comparison of EPA highway (mpg)
 
2004 Honda Civic Hybrid 5-spd MT-51
 
2004 Toyota Prius 4-Door Liftback-51
 
2004 Honda Civic Hybrid 5-spd MT PZEV-51
 
2004 Honda Civic Hybrid CVT-47
 
2004 Honda Civic Hybrid CVT PZEV-47
 
2004 Volkswagen Golf GL 1.9 TDI Sedan-46
 
2004 Volkswagen Golf GLS 1.9 TDI-46
 
2004 Volkswagen Jetta Sedan GL TDI-PD-46
 
2004 Volkswagen Jetta Sedan GLS TDI-PD-46
 
2004 Toyota ECHO 2-Door Sedan-43
 
2004 Toyota ECHO 4-Door Sedan-43
 
2005 Toyota ECHO 2-Door Sedan-42
 
2005 Toyota ECHO 4-Door Sedan-42
 
2004 Toyota Corolla CE-40
 
2004 Toyota Corolla S-40
 
2004 Toyota Corolla LE-40
 
2005 Toyota Corolla CE-40
 
2005 Toyota Corolla S-40
 
2005 Toyota Corolla LE-40
 
2004 Scion xA 5-Door Hatch Back-38
 
2004 Honda Civic Sedan DX 5-spd MT-38
 
2004 Honda Civic Sedan DX 5-spd MT w/ Front Side Airbags-38
 
2004 Honda Civic Sedan LX 5-spd MT-38
 
2004 Honda Civic Sedan LX 5-spd MT w/ Front Side Airbags-38
 
2004 Honda Civic Sedan LX 4-spd AT-38
 
2004 Honda Civic Sedan LX 4-spd AT w/ Front Side Airbags-38
 
2004 Honda Civic Sedan EX 4-spd AT-38
 
2004 Honda Civic Sedan EX 4-spd AT w/ Front Side Airbags-38
 
2004 Honda Civic Sedan VP 4-Spd AT-38
 
2004 Honda Civic Sedan VP 4-Spd AT w/ Front Side Airbags-38
 
2005 Scion xA 5-Door Hatch Back-38
 
2004 Pontiac Grand Am SE Sedan-37
 
2004 Pontiac Grand Am SE1 Sedan-37
 
2004 Chevrolet Cavalier Sedan-37
 
2004 Chevrolet Cavalier LS Sedan-37
 
2004 Chevrolet Cavalier LS Sport Sedan-37
 
2004 Honda Civic Sedan EX 5-spd MT-37
 
2004 Honda Civic Sedan EX 5-spd MT w/ Front Side Airbags-37
 
2005 Chevrolet Cavalier Sedan-37
 
2005 Chevrolet Cavalier LS Sedan-37
 
2005 Chevrolet Cavalier LS Sport Sedan-37
 
2005 Mercedes-Benz E-Class E320 CDI Sedan-37
 
2004 Dodge Neon SE-36
 
2004 Dodge Neon SXT-36
 
2004 Dodge Neon R/T-36
 
2004 Ford Focus LX Sedan-36
 
2004 Nissan Sentra 1.8-35
 
2004 Nissan Sentra 1.8 S-35
 
2004 Mitsubishi Lancer ES-35
 
2004 Mitsubishi Lancer OZ-Rally-35
 
2004 Chevrolet Aveo Base Sedan-35
 
2004 Chevrolet Aveo LS Sedan-35
 
2004 Chevrolet Aveo Special Value Sedan-35
 
2004 Mazda MAZDA3 i 4-Door-35
 
2005 Ford Focus ZX5 S-35
 
2005 Ford Focus ZX5 SE-35
 
2005 Ford Focus ZX5 SES-35
 
2005 Ford Focus ZX4 SE-35
 
2005 Ford Focus ZX4 S-35
 
2005 Ford Focus ZX4 SES-35
 
2005 Chevrolet Aveo Special Value Sedan-35
 
2005 Chevrolet Aveo LS Sedan-35
 
2005 Chevrolet Aveo LT Sedan-35
 
2004 Chevrolet Malibu Sedan-34
 
2004 Honda Accord Sedan DX 5-spd MT-34
 
2004 Honda Accord Sedan DX 5-spd AT-34
 
2004 Honda Accord Sedan LX 5-spd MT-34
 
2004 Honda Accord Sedan LX 5-spd MT w/ Front Side Airbags-34
 
2004 Honda Accord Sedan LX 5-spd AT-34
 
2004 Honda Accord Sedan LX 5-spd AT w/ Front Side Airbags-34
 
2004 Honda Accord Sedan EX 5-spd MT-34
 
2004 Honda Accord Sedan EX 5-spd AT-34
 
2004 Honda Accord Sedan EX 5-spd MT w/ Leather and XM Radio-34
 
2004 Honda Accord Sedan EX 5-spd AT w/ Leather and XM Radio-34
 
2004 Honda Accord Sedan EX 5-spd MT w/ Leather/ Nav/ XM Radio-34
 
2004 Honda Accord Sedan EX 5-spd AT w/ Leather/ Nav/ XM Radio-34
 
2004 Honda Accord Sedan EX 5-spd MT w/ Side Curtain Airbags-34
 
2004 Honda Accord Sedan EX 5-spd AT w/ Side Curtain Airbags-34
 
2004 Hyundai Elantra GLS-34
 
2004 Hyundai Elantra GT 5-Door-34
 
2004 Hyundai Elantra GT 4-Door-34
 
2004 Honda Civic Sedan GX CVT [Limited Availability]-34
 
2005 Chevrolet Malibu Sedan-34
 
2004 Saturn ION 1 Sedan-33
 
2004 Saturn ION 2 Sedan-33
 
2004 Saturn ION 3 Sedan-33
 
2004 Saturn L300 Sedan 1-33
 
2004 Oldsmobile Alero GX Sedan-33
 
2004 Oldsmobile Alero GL1 Sedan-33
 
2004 Ford Focus ZX5-33
 
2004 Ford Focus ZX5 Comfort-33
 
2004 Ford Focus ZX5 Premium
33
 
2004 Ford Focus SE Sedan
33
 
2004 Ford Focus ZTS
33
 
2004 Toyota Camry LE
33
 
2004 Toyota Camry SE
33
 
2004 Hyundai Accent GL 4-Door
33
 
2004 Kia Rio Sedan
33
 
2004 Toyota Camry Standard
33
 
2005 Toyota Camry Standard
33
 
2005 Toyota Camry LE
33
 
2005 Toyota Camry SE
33
 
2004 Acura TSX 5-speed AT
32
 
2004 Acura TSX 5-speed AT w/ Navigation System
32
 
2004 Chevrolet Impala Sedan
32
 
2004 Chevrolet Malibu LS
32
 
2004 Chevrolet Malibu LT
32
 
2004 Toyota Camry XLE
32
 
2004 Mazda MAZDA6 i Sports Sedan
32
 
2004 Kia Spectra Sedan
32
 
2004 Kia Spectra GS
32
 
2004 Kia Spectra LS
32
 
2004 Kia Spectra GSX
32
 
2004 Mazda MAZDA3 s 4-Door
32
 
2005 Ford Focus ZX4 ST
32
 
2004 Kia All-New Spectra LX
32
 
2004 Kia All-New Spectra EX
32
 
2004 Mazda MAZDA3 s 5-Door
32
 
2005 Toyota Corolla XRS
32
 
2004 Mazda MAZDA6 i 5-Door
32
 
2005 Chevrolet Malibu LS
32
 
2005 Chevrolet Malibu LT
32
 
2005 Chevrolet Impala Sedan
32
 
2004 Audi A4 1.8 T
31
 
2004 Volkswagen Golf GL 2.0 Sedan
31
 
2004 Volkswagen Golf GLS 2.0
31
 
2004 Volkswagen Jetta Sedan GL 2.0L
31
 
2004 Volkswagen Jetta Sedan GL 1.8T
31
 
2004 Volkswagen Jetta Sedan GLS 2.0L
31
 
2004 Volkswagen Jetta Sedan GLS 1.8T
31
 
2004 Volkswagen Passat GL Sedan
31
 
2004 Volkswagen Passat GLS Sedan
31
 
2004 Saab 9-3 Sport Sedan Linear
31
 
2004 Saab 9-3 Sport Sedan Arc
31
 
2004 Saab 9-5 Sedan Arc 2.3t
31
 
2004 Mitsubishi Lancer LS
31
 
2004 Suzuki Aerio Sedan S
31
 
2004 Suzuki Aerio Sedan LX
31
 
2004 Volvo S40 (2004.5) T5
31
 
2005 Nissan Altima 2.5
31
 
2005 Nissan Altima 2.5 S
31
 
2005 Audi A4 1.8 T
31
 
2004 Pontiac Grand Prix GT1 Sedan
30
 
2004 Pontiac Grand Prix GT2 Sedan
30
 
2004 Dodge Stratus Sedan SXT [Pre August Production]
30
 
2004 Volvo S60 2.4
30
 
2004 Volvo S60 2.5T
30
 
2004 Chevrolet Impala LS
30
 
2004 Buick Century Sedan
30
 
2004 Buick Regal LS
30
 
2004 Dodge SRT-4 Base
30
 
2004 Audi A4 1.8 T quattro
30
 
2004 Volkswagen Jetta Sedan GLI 2.8L
30
 
2004 Mercedes-Benz C-Class C230 Kompressor Sport Sedan
30
 
2004 Saab 9-3 Sport Sedan Aero
30
 
2004 Saab 9-5 Sedan Aero
30
 
2004 Mitsubishi Galant DE
30
 
2004 Mitsubishi Galant ES
30
 
2004 Chrysler Sebring Sedan Base [Post August Production]
30
 
2004 Honda Accord Sedan LX V-6 5-spd AT
30
 
2004 Honda Accord Sedan EX V-6 5-spd AT w/ XM Radio
30
 
2004 Honda Accord Sedan EX V-6 5-spd AT w/ Nav System/ XM Radio
30
 
2004 Dodge Stratus Sedan SXT [Post August Production]
30
 
2004 Hyundai Sonata Sedan
30
 
2004 Chevrolet Malibu Maxx LS
30
 
2004 Chevrolet Malibu Maxx LT
30
 
2004 Suzuki Forenza S
30
 
2004 Suzuki Forenza LX
30
 
2004 Suzuki Forenza EX
30
 
2004 BMW 5 Series 530i Sedan
30
 
2004 Acura TL Sedan w/ 6-Spd MT
30
 
2004 Acura TL Sedan w/ 6-Spd MT and Navigation System
30
 
2004 Nissan Altima 2.5
30
 
2004 Nissan Altima 2.5 S
30
 
2004 Kia Optima LX
30
 
2004 Kia Optima EX
30
 
2004 BMW 3 Series 330i Sedan
30
 
2004 Volvo S40 (2004.5) 2.4i
30
 
2005 Buick Century Sedan
30
 
2005 Pontiac Grand Prix Sedan
30
 
2005 Pontiac Grand Prix GT Sedan
30
 
2005 Subaru Legacy 2.5 i Sedan
30
 
2005 Subaru Legacy 2.5 i Limited Sedan
30
 
2005 Subaru Impreza 2.5 RS Sedan
30
 
2005 Subaru Impreza 2.5 RS Sport Package Sedan
30
 
2005 Chevrolet Malibu Maxx LS
30
 
2005 Chevrolet Malibu Maxx LT
30
 
2005 Chevrolet Impala LS
30
 
2005 Audi A4 1.8 T quattro
30
 
2004 Dodge Intrepid SE
29
 
2004 Chrysler Concorde LX
29
 
2004 Acura TSX 6-speed MT
29
 
2004 Acura TSX 6-speed MT w/ Navigation System
29
 
2004 Pontiac Grand Am SE2 Sedan
29
 
2004 Pontiac Grand Am GT Sedan
29
 
2004 Pontiac Grand Am GT1 Sedan
29
 
2004 Pontiac Bonneville SE Sedan
29
 
2004 Pontiac Bonneville SLE Sedan
29
 
2004 Volvo S40 Sedan
29
 
2004 Volvo S40 LSE Sedan
29
 
2004 Nissan Sentra SE-R Spec V
29
 
2004 Buick LeSabre Custom
29
 
2004 Buick LeSabre Limited
29
 
2004 Saturn L300 Sedan 3
29
 
2004 Oldsmobile Alero GL2 Sedan
29
 
2004 Oldsmobile Alero GLS Sedan
29
 
2004 Buick Park Avenue Sedan
29
 
2004 Audi A4 1.8 T with Multitronic
29
 
2004 Mitsubishi Lancer Ralliart
29
 
2004 Saturn L300 Sedan 2
29
 
2004 Toyota Avalon XL
29
 
2004 Toyota Avalon XLS
29
 
2004 Toyota Camry LE V6
29
 
2004 Toyota Camry SE V6
29
 
2004 Toyota Camry XLE V6
29
 
2004 Suzuki Aerio Sedan LX AWD
29
 
2004 Lexus ES 330 Sedan
29
 
2004 Nissan Altima 2.5 SL
29
 
2004 BMW 3 Series 325i Sedan
29
 
2004 BMW 3 Series 330xi Sedan
29
 
2005 Nissan Altima 2.5 SL
29
 
2005 Nissan Altima 3.5 SL
29
 
2005 Buick Park Avenue Sedan
29
 
2005 Pontiac Bonneville SE Sedan
29
 
2005 Pontiac Bonneville SLE Sedan
29
 
2005 Buick LeSabre Custom
29
 
2005 Buick LeSabre Limited
29
 
2005 Toyota Camry LE V6
29
 
2005 Toyota Camry SE V6
29
 
2005 Toyota Camry XLE V6
29
 
2005 Audi A4 1.8 T with Multitronic
29
 
2004 Nissan Maxima SE
28
 
2004 Nissan Maxima SL
28
 
2004 Pontiac Grand Prix GTP Sedan
28
 
2004 Dodge Stratus Sedan SE [Pre August Production]
28
 
2004 Dodge Stratus Sedan ES [Pre August Production]
28
 
2004 Chrysler Sebring Sedan LX [Pre August Production]
28
 
2004 Chrysler Sebring Sedan LXi [Pre August Production]
28
 
2004 Subaru Impreza 2.5 RS Sedan
28
 
2004 Volvo S80 2.9 [Discontinued]
28
 
2004 Nissan Sentra 2.5 S
28
 
2004 Nissan Sentra SE-R Sedan
28
 
2004 Chevrolet Impala SS
28
 
2004 Jaguar XJ XJ8
28
 
2004 Jaguar XJ Vanden Plas
28
 
2004 Buick Regal GS [Discontinued]
28
 
2004 Ford SVT Focus 5-Door
28
 
2004 Buick Park Avenue Ultra
28
 
2004 Audi A4 1.8 T quattro with Tiptronic
28
 
2004 Audi A4 3.0
28
 
2004 Volkswagen Passat GLX Sedan
28
 
2004 Subaru Legacy L Sedan [Limited Availability]
28
 
2004 Subaru Legacy L 35th Anniversary Edition Sedan
28
 
2004 Subaru Legacy 2.5 GT Sedan
28
 
2004 Chrysler Sebring Sedan Touring [Post August Production]
28
 
2004 Chrysler Sebring Sedan Limited [Post August Production]
28
 
2004 Dodge Stratus Sedan SE [Post August - Discontinued]
28
 
2004 Dodge Stratus Sedan ES [Post August - Discontinued]
28
 
2004 Dodge Stratus Sedan R/T [Post August Production]
28
 
2004 BMW 5 Series 525i Sedan
28
 
2004 Jaguar X-Type 2.5-Liter
28
 
2004 Acura TL Sedan w/ 5-Spd AT
28
 
2004 Acura TL Sedan w/ 5-Spd AT and Navigation System
28
 
2004 Jaguar S-Type 4.2-Liter
28
 
2004 Chrysler Sebring Sedan Touring Platinum Series [Discontinued]
28
 
2005 Chrysler 300 Base
28
 
2004 Volvo S80 2.5T
28
 
2005 Buick Park Avenue Ultra
28
 
2005 Jaguar S-Type 4.2-Liter
28
 
2005 Pontiac Grand Prix GTP Sedan
28
 
2005 Chevrolet Impala SS
28
 
2005 Audi A4 1.8 T quattro with Tiptronic
28
 
2005 Audi A4 3.0
28
 
2004 Dodge Stratus Sedan R/T [Pre August Production]
27
 
2004 Dodge Intrepid SXT
27
 
2004 Dodge Intrepid ES
27
 
2004 Chrysler 300M Sedan
27
 
2004 Chrysler 300M Special
27
 
2004 Chrysler Concorde LXi
27
 
2004 Chrysler Concorde Limited
27
 
2004 Subaru Impreza WRX Sedan
27
 
2004 Volvo S60 2.5T AWD
27
 
2004 Volvo S60 T5
27
 
2004 Mercury Sable LS Premium Sedan
27
 
2004 Audi A6 3.0 with Multitronic
27
 
2004 Ford Taurus LX Sedan
27
 
2004 Ford Taurus SE Sedan
27
 
2004 Ford Taurus SES Sedan
27
 
2004 Ford Taurus SES Sedan Duratec
27
 
2004 Ford Taurus SEL Sedan
27
 
2004 Subaru Outback Limited Sedan
27
 
2004 Mitsubishi Galant LS
27
 
2004 Mitsubishi Galant GTS
27
 
2004 Mercedes-Benz E-Class E320 Sedan
27
 
2004 Chrysler 300M Platinum Series
27
 
2004 Hyundai Sonata GLS
27
 
2004 Hyundai Sonata LX
27
 
2004 Suzuki Verona S
27
 
2004 Suzuki Verona LX
27
 
2004 Suzuki Verona EX
27
 
2004 Infiniti G35 Sport Sedan Leather with 6MT
27
 
2004 Volvo S80 2.5T AWD
27
 
2004 Kia Optima LX V6
27
 
2004 Kia Optima EX V6
27
 
2004 BMW 3 Series 325xi Sedan
27
 
2005 Chrysler 300 Touring
27
 
2005 Chrysler 300 Limited
27
 
2005 Nissan Altima 3.5 SE
27
 
2005 Mercury Sable GS Sedan
27
 
2005 Mercury Sable LS Sedan
27
 
2005 Mercedes-Benz E-Class E320 Sedan
27
 
2005 Subaru Impreza WRX Sedan
27
 
2004 Cadillac CTS Sedan
26
 
2004 Cadillac DeVille Sedan
26
 
2004 Cadillac DeVille DHS
26
 
2004 Cadillac DeVille DTS
26
 
2004 Cadillac Seville SLS
26
 
2004 Volvo S80 T6
26
 
2004 Volvo S80 T6 Premier
26
 
2004 Lincoln LS V6 Automatic Luxury
26
 
2004 Lincoln LS V6 Automatic Premium
26
 
2004 Mercury Sable GS Sedan
26
 
2004 Audi A4 3.0 quattro
26
 
2004 Mercedes-Benz C-Class C320 Sedan
26
 
2004 Hyundai XG 350 Sedan
26
 
2004 Hyundai XG 350 L
26
 
2004 Subaru Outback H6-3.0 Sedan
26
 
2004 Subaru Outback H6-3.0 VDC Sedan
26
 
2004 BMW 5 Series 545i Sedan
26
 
2004 Infiniti G35 Sport Sedan Base
26
 
2004 Infiniti G35 Sport Sedan Leather
26
 
2004 Mercedes-Benz S-Class S430 Sedan
26
 
2004 Lincoln LS V6 Appearance
26
 
2004 Jaguar S-Type 3.0-Liter
26
 
2004 Nissan Altima 3.5 SE
26
 
2004 Mazda MAZDA6 s Sports Sedan
26
 
2004 BMW 7 Series 745i Sedan
26
 
2004 BMW 7 Series 745Li Sedan
26
 
2004 Infiniti I35 Luxury
26
 
2005 Jaguar S-Type 3.0-Liter
26
 
2004 Mazda MAZDA6 s 5-Door
26
 
2005 Lincoln LS V6 Luxury
26
 
2005 Lincoln LS V6 Appearance
26
 
2005 Lincoln LS V6 Premium
26
 
2005 Cadillac DeVille Sedan
26
 
2005 Cadillac DeVille DHS
26
 
2005 Cadillac DeVille DTS
26
 
2004 Mitsubishi Lancer Evolution VIII
26
 
2004 Mitsubishi Lancer Evolution RS
26
 
2005 Mercedes-Benz S-Class S430 Sedan
26
 
2005 Audi A4 3.0 quattro
26
 
2004 Volvo S60 R
25
 
2004 Lincoln Town Car Signature
25
 
2004 Lincoln Town Car Ultimate
25
 
2004 Lincoln Town Car Ultimate L
25
 
2004 Mercury Grand Marquis GS
25
 
2004 Mercury Grand Marquis GS Convenience
25
 
2004 Mercury Grand Marquis LS Premium
25
 
2004 Mercury Grand Marquis LS Ultimate
25
 
2004 Audi A4 3.0 quattro with Tiptronic
25
 
2004 Audi A6 3.0 with Tiptronic
25
 
2004 Audi A6 2.7 T
25
 
2004 Audi A6 2.7 T with Tiptronic
25
 
2004 Ford Crown Victoria Standard
25
 
2004 Ford Crown Victoria LX
25
 
2004 Volkswagen Passat W8 Sedan
25
 
2004 Mercedes-Benz C-Class C240 Sedan
25
 
2004 Mercedes-Benz C-Class C320 Sport Sedan
25
 
2004 Mitsubishi Diamante ES
25
 
2004 Mitsubishi Diamante VR-X
25
 
2004 Mitsubishi Diamante LS
25
 
2004 Lexus GS 300 Sedan
25
 
2004 Lexus IS 300 5-Speed Sedan
25
 
2004 Lexus LS 430 Sedan
25
 
2004 BMW 5 Series 545i 6-speed Sedan
25
 
2004 Jaguar X-Type 3.0-Liter
25
 
2004 Kia Amanti Base
25
 
2005 Chrysler 300 C
25
 
2004 Audi A6 2.7T S-Line
25
 
2004 Cadillac CTS-V Sedan
25
 
2005 Cadillac CTS-V Sedan
25
 
2005 Mercury Grand Marquis GS
25
 
2005 Mercury Grand Marquis GS Convenience
25
 
2005 Mercury Grand Marquis LS Premium
25
 
2005 Mercury Grand Marquis LS Ultimate
25
 
2005 Ford Crown Victoria Standard
25
 
2005 Ford Crown Victoria LX
25
 
2005 Subaru Legacy 2.5 GT Sedan
25
 
2005 Subaru Legacy 2.5 GT Limited Sedan
25
 
2005 Subaru Outback 3.0 R Sedan
25
 
2005 Lincoln LS V8 Sport
25
 
2005 Lincoln LS V8 Ultimate
25
 
2005 Lincoln Town Car Signature
25
 
2005 Lincoln Town Car Signature Limited
25
 
2005 Lincoln Town Car Signature L
25
 
2005 Audi A4 3.0 quattro with Tiptronic
25
 
2004 Audi S4 Sport Sedan with Tiptronic
24
 
2004 Audi A8 L
24
 
2004 Acura 3.5 RL Sedan w/ Navigation System
24
 
2004 Subaru Impreza WRX STi
24
 
2004 Lincoln LS V8 Automatic Sport
24
 
2004 Lincoln LS V8 Automatic Ultimate
24
 
2004 Jaguar XJ XJR
24
 
2004 Audi A6 4.2
24
 
2004 Mercedes-Benz E-Class E500 Sedan
24
 
2004 Lexus IS 300 E-Shift Sedan
24
 
2004 Pontiac Bonneville GXP Sedan
24
 
2004 Mercedes-Benz S-Class S500 Sedan
24
 
2004 Jaguar S-Type 4.2-Liter R
24
 
2004 Infiniti G35 Sport Sedan Leather AWD
24
 
2005 Jaguar S-Type 4.2-Liter R
24
 
2005 Mercedes-Benz E-Class E500 Sedan
24
 
2005 Pontiac Bonneville GXP Sedan
24
 
2005 Subaru Impreza WRX STi
24
 
2005 Audi A8 L
24
 
2005 Audi A8 Sedan
24
 
2005 Mercedes-Benz S-Class S500 Sedan
24
 
2005 Audi S4 Sport Sedan with Tiptronic
24
 
2004 Mercury Marauder Sedan
23
 
2004 Lexus GS 430 Sedan
23
 
2004 BMW 7 Series 760Li Sedan
23
 
2004 Infiniti M45 Sedan
23
 
2004 Infiniti Q45 Luxury
23
 
2004 Infiniti Q45 Premium
23
 
2004 BMW 7 Series 760i Sedan
23
 
2004 Volkswagen Phaeton V8
22
 
2004 Audi S4 Sport Sedan
21
 
2004 Mercedes-Benz C-Class C32 AMG Sedan
21
 
2004 Mercedes-Benz E-Class E55 AMG
21
 
2004 Mercedes-Benz S-Class S55 AMG Sedan
21
 
2005 Mercedes-Benz E-Class E55 AMG
21
 
2005 Mercedes-Benz S-Class S55 AMG Sedan
21
 
2005 Audi S4 Sport Sedan
21
 
2004 Rolls-Royce Phantom Sedan
19
 
2004 Mercedes-Benz S-Class S600 Sedan
19
 
2004 Volkswagen Phaeton W12
19
 
2005 Mercedes-Benz S-Class S600 Sedan
19
 
2004 Ford Crown Victoria Natural Gas Vehicle
18
 
2004 Bentley Arnage T
15
 
2004 Bentley Arnage R
14
 
2004 Bentley Arnage RL
14
 
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